An article that I co-authored for a local wood furniture company about the history of their Adirondack chairs was published on L.L. Bean’s blog over the Labor Day weekend.  Excerpt with link to the full article below:

Adirondack Chairs: a Century of American Furniture

Guest blog by Luke Eriksen and Nathaniel Gibson:

Adirondack ChairOver the past century, the Adirondack chair has become a classic piece of American outdoor furniture. Originally conceived as a fairly basic design in the early 1900s in the Adirondack Mountains of New York, it has been redesigned in numerous styles with various features. The Adirondack chairs that L.L.Bean offers today incorporate the best of these refinements to make it convenient and comfortable, while still holding true to its distinct American heritage.

The design for L.L.Bean’s Classic Wooden Adirondack Chair originated with Clifford Pierce and his Vermont furniture company during the early 1980s. A decorated veteran as well as an entrepreneur – he had already founded a successful steel-crafting business prior to founding his woodworking company – Cliff became interested in Adirondack chairs during summers spent with his family at their lakefront camp on Lake George in New York.

Read the full article on the L.L. Bean blog.


Billboards were common throughout Vermont before the 1968 law that prohibited new billboards and gave owners of existing billboards five years to take them down. This billboard in Montpelier was removed on Oct. 21, 1975, as part of an enforcement action. Vermont State Archives and Records Administration.

Challenge of the times: Vermont’s billboard regulations in the age of digital advertising

Nathaniel Gibson

Editor’s note: This article is the second in a two-part series examining the history of outdoor advertising regulations in Vermont and how they are applied today.

As outdoor advertising has become increasingly prevalent across the United States, Vermont’s ban on billboards has been instrumental in preserving the scenic beauty of the state. Crafted by the Senate Natural Resources Committee in 1968, the law’s aim was to balance preservation of the state’s landscape with the need for informational signs to help the influx of out-of-state visitors. The law established the Travel Information Council to regulate off-premise signs and maintain informational facilities and displays for tourists.

Today, the law’s original goals remain the same. “We need to provide information to the traveler, but do not want to compromise our natural scenery,” says John Kessler, chair of the Travel Information Council. “Tourism is the number one industry in the state. And the lack of advertising is one of the most commonly reported things that visitors appreciate about Vermont.”

Businesses may display an on-premise sign up to 150 square feet, provided that it is not primarily aligned towards a limited access road. Off-premise signs — the official name for billboards — are not allowed, unless TIC grants an exemption. Exemptions are typically granted for reasons of public safety and convenience.

For example, black and white official business directional signs (OBDS) providing distances and directions to local business are allowed. Businesses willing to cover the costs of installation may apply to the Agency of Transportation for these signs.

Also exempted are approach signs, which are placed on the same road as a business and indicates its distance. Approach signs are only approved if there are immediate safety considerations, such as a sharp curve or hill near the business. Additionally, on limited access highways certain signs are required by federal regulations. A complete list of exempt signs can be found in 10 V.S.A. § 494.

Enforcement of the ban begins on a local level. The district transportation office responds to violations by notifying offenders that they need to remove the offending signs. Such offenses are infrequent and typically due to ignorance of the law.

Once notified, most businesses and individuals readily remove the sign in question. Those who want to keep the sign in place can come before TIC to state their case for an exemption or work out a compromise, such as installing an official business directional sign or an approach sign.

Kessler reports that, fortunately, regulation and enforcement do not demand a disproportionate amount of TIC’s time when it meets every other month.Aside from considering exemptions to the off-premise sign ban, the TIC also oversees certain interstate signs to make sure that they meet federal regulations.

While the goals of the law remain the same, times have changed. Advances in sign technology have presented challenges to the law. As flashing displays came into the use during the 1970s, TIC had to decide how to best regulate them.

In 1977, the Travel Information Council, working with the attorney general, established the definition for flashing displays by settling on 15 minutes as the fastest acceptable rate of change. A key factor in that determination was that a traveler’s pace of movement — depending on whether the traveler is on foot or in a vehicle — affects the number of impressions that the traveler sees in a given amount of time. Exempted from this new regulation were certain flashing displays with historical significance, such as barber polls and theater marquees, or others related to public convenience, such as time and temperature signs on banks.

Once defined and regulated, flashing displays have not posed much of an issue for TIC. As with static signs, there have been a few violations. Owners of signs in question are usually happy to remedy the situation. For example, a number of drugstores in Rutland once had flashing displays with messages that were rotating faster than once every 15 minutes — but once notified and made aware of the law, the owners agreed to simply reprogram the displays.

However, recently an electronic business sign at a truck dealership in Jericho has been generating controversy. The owner, Randy H. Clark, has been notified that his sign violates the billboard law. So far Clark has refused to acquiesce, on the grounds that the sign displays messages about charitable endeavors, community events, fund-raisers and birthdays. Clark points out that anyone within the community may contact him about posting such an event, and the service is provided free of charge.

Those who avail themselves of Clark’s display are urged to donate to “Clark’s Community Fund.” According to Clark, all donations go to charitable causes. However, John LaBarge, the AOT’s representative on TIC, is concerned that Clark is charging people to display messages much like the owner of a billboard displays advertisements for a business in return for a fee.

In response to the situation in Jericho, the House Transportation Committee has asked TIC to review and update the current regulations governing flashing, intermittent signs. TIC submitted its report on current exemptions on Jan. 15 in which it recommended a number of minor changes primarily aimed at increasing the clarity and cohesiveness of the law’s language. TIC also recommended that “sandwich boards and other similarly temporary advertising signs may be erected if they are regulated by municipal ordinances.”

TIC must adopt the updated rules for flashing, intermittent or moving lights by July 1. Kessler, well aware of the significance of this process, observes, “I think the law governing off-premise advertising strikes close to the heart of what Vermonters care about.”

Nathaniel Gibson is a freelance writer who lives in Pawlet. He may be contacted at

The article originally appeared in the Rutland Herald and the Times Argus:
April 29, 2012


Yes, we have no billboards – Rutland Herald Article

March 13, 2012

Yes, we have no billboards Nathaniel Gibson Correspondent Editor’s note: This article is the first in a two-part series examining the history of outdoor advertising regulations in Vermont and how they are applied today. Vermonters highly value their farm and forested landscape, and many organizations are working to conserve it for future generations. Such efforts [...]

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Vermont set for another season of simply the best skiing and riding in the Northeast – Rutland Regional Guide

December 23, 2011

Vermont set for another season of simply the best skiing and riding in the Northeast By Nathaniel Gibson With 17 alpine resorts, Vermont is the skiing and snowboarding destination in the Northeast. The Green Mountain state offers everything from easy beginner cruisers to rugged expert terrain — and lots of other activities for family members [...]

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A Bunch of 250th Birthday Parties for Vermont Towns and Cities – Rutland Regional Guide

December 22, 2011

A bunch of 250th birthday parties for Vermont towns and cities By Nathaniel Gibson Above a certain age, many people stop keeping track of their birthdays. But when a bunch of Vermont towns reached the ripe age of 250 this year, they celebrated in style. The big 250th can also be called the sestercentennial or [...]

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Turkey farms across Vermont gear up for holiday season – Rutland Regional Guide

December 21, 2011

Turkey farms across Vermont gear up for holiday season By Nathaniel Gibson With the holiday season fast approaching, Vermont turkey farmers are busily preparing for the huge spike in turkey demand, particularly for Thanksgiving. Turkey farming has a long history in the state. Back in the days before rail and refrigeration, the birds were herded [...]

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Fixing our roads: Vermont rebuilds with an eye to the future – Montpelier-Barre Times Argus Special Feature

December 20, 2011

Fixing our roads: Vermont rebuilds with an eye to the future Nathaniel Gibson Correspondent The destruction and flooding caused by Tropical Storm Irene stranded several communities across Vermont — a shocking reminder of the significance of an infrastructure that sometimes gets taken for granted. Roads and bridges are crucial links in any transportation network, especially [...]

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There are lots of microbreweries to see in Vermont — hop to it! — Rutland Regional Guide

October 24, 2011

There are lots of microbreweries to see in Vermont — hop to it! By Nathaniel Gibson Vermont has become a mecca for connoisseurs seeking unique craft beer and microbrews. Buoyed by the support of customers who appreciate finely crafted local and organic products — and are willing to pay a bit more for the quality [...]

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Farmers markets are sprouting up all over Vermont — Rutland Regional Guide

October 21, 2011

Farmers markets are sprouting up all over Vermont By Nathaniel Gibson Celebrate National Farmers Market Week in August by visiting your nearby farmers market – all autumn long. Luckily, you won’t have far to go. Farmers markets are sprouting like wonderful flowers across Vermont to meet the growing demand for fresh, local food products. The [...]

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Buying the farm: Vermont Land Trust partners with Wells to conserve farm — Montpelier-Barre Times Argus Article

September 13, 2011

Buying the farm: Vermont Land Trust partners with Wells to conserve farm Nathaniel Gibson Correspondent According to the Vermont Council on Rural Development’s report on the future of Vermont, Vermonters rank “the working landscape and its heritage” more highly as a common value than any other. But practical realities are pulling in the opposite direction. [...]

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